The term usually denoting those Vikings explorers, traders and warriors, Norse, originating in Scandinavia, which made raids on ships off the coast of the British Isles, France and other parts of Europe in the late eighth and XI century. In this period of European history (generally contained between the years 793 and 1066) usually refers to the name of Viking era. This term can also refer to all the people who lived those years in Scandinavia and their settlements in other parts d 'Europe. The Vikings were among the Norsemen, except that the term "Viking" means a member of those coastal communities, which are located in fjords (vik means "bay"), which were devoted to piracy. Famous for their ability to navigators and the long boats, the Vikings in a few centuries colonized the coasts and rivers in most of Europe, the Shetland, Orkney, Faroe Islands, Iceland, Greenland and Newfoundland; pushed south to the shores of North Africa and east to Russia and Constantinople, both for trade and for plunder. The Vikings are also known for being the first explorers of North America, reached between the late tenth and early eleventh century (in this connection see Bjarni Bjarni, the first European to sight the American continent centuries before the travel well 5 Christopher Columbus, and L'Anse aux Meadows, an ancient Viking settlement of the eleventh century found on the island of Newfoundland, in today's Canada). The journeys of the Vikings became less frequent after the introduction of Christianity in Scandinavia in the late tenth and early eleventh century.
The Viking era is conventionally regarded as concluded by the Battle of Stamford Bridge in 1066.
Historical research: Giuseppe Marseglia
Sculpture: Victor Konnov
Painter: F. Sapienza