Match with "Roman Gladiator Thraex" (Pegaso 90-032)
Roman Provocator - RM 90-011
The latin word Provocator, literally translated, means challenger but also who provokes and attacks an opponent. The Provocatores were one of the many classes of the romans gladiators in the imperial age; from the roman sources we know at least a dozen of these: Retiarius and Contraretiarius, Murmillo, Secutor, Thraex, Oplomacus, Dimachaerus, Scaeva, Essedarius, Iaculator, Pulsator and, finally, our Provocator. The different classes of gladiators fought in the munera, or gladiatorians games, a class against the other in different combination of duels until the munera sine missione, true elimination-fightings where the winner was stripped of his weapons and forced to fight nake against a new armed challenger. The looser gladiator asked mercy raising a finger of the left hand while the winner was waiting for the crowd’s sentence. The shout: missum! meant he was free while, according Iuvenalis, thumbs down meant dead and, among the shouts and hoots the word: Iugula! was cried. Then the winner cutted the troath to the looser. The veterans who managed to surviving after a victorious fighting-career awarded the rudis, a wooden sword symbol of their freedom and leave of the arena. These veterans were called rudiarii and often they remained in the gymnasium’s circle, teaching to the young gladiators the tricks of the trade, as old and done boxers. The gladiatorians games were very popular. The Romans bet doggedness on the fightings, being them fans of their champions. The fans opponents were quarrelsome and terrible was a brawl among Pompeians and Nocerians in 59 AD, with a lot of dead and wounded men among both opponents. So Tacitus says in his Annales.
Note. The Provocator Romeo-Models 90mm can be coupled to the Thraex gladiator by Pegaso-Models 90mm.
Galea or carved bronze helmet closed by the visor with bronze blinkers and hinges.
Breast scale-armour (iron or bronze) sewed on a natural or coloured leather support.
Bronze decorative Gorgona’s head in the center of the breast armour.
The breast armour is assured to the torso by a leather sling with bronze decorative stud on the back and metal buckles.
The manica, scale-armoured as the breast-plate, defends the right arm enveloped by the fasciae, cloth bends.
The back of the right hand is protected by a leather reinforcement with metal studs.
Left arm leather wristband.
Subligaculum or perizoma in coloured cloth with fringed front edge.
Balteus or leather waist-bend with round bronze studs.
Right leg covered under the knee by the fasciae or cloth bends.
Ocrea or bronze greave with fixing leather straps.
Left leg with natural or coloured leather footwear with strings.
Iron blade gladius or sword with wooden grip.
Rectangular shield leather covered with bronze reinforcements, central plate, rivets and umbo.
Sculpture Gianni La Rocca
Research and text Marco Giuliani
Thanks to Michael Gohl.